List of Military Aircraft by Country

When it comes to military power and capability, the inventory of military aircraft plays a crucial role for countries around the world. From fighter jets to transport planes, reconnaissance aircraft to bombers, each nation maintains a diverse fleet tailored to its specific defense needs and strategic objectives.

United States

The United States boasts one of the most formidable air forces globally, with a vast array of aircraft serving various roles. Notable examples include the F-22 Raptor, F-35 Lightning II, B-2 Spirit bomber, C-130 Hercules, and the iconic AH-64 Apache attack helicopter.


Russia, historically known for its aerospace prowess, fields an impressive lineup of military aircraft. The Sukhoi Su-27 and its variants, the MiG-29, Tu-95 Bear bomber, and the Kamov Ka-52 attack helicopter are among the prominent aircraft in the Russian inventory.


As China continues to modernize its military, its aircraft inventory reflects this ambition. Key aircraft include the Chengdu J-20 stealth fighter, Shenyang J-11 multirole fighter, Xian H-6 bomber, and the Z-10 attack helicopter.

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom maintains a robust air force, featuring aircraft such as the Eurofighter Typhoon, Panavia Tornado, Airbus A400M Atlas transport plane, and the Boeing AH-64 Apache attack helicopter.


France’s military aviation capabilities are anchored by aircraft like the Dassault Rafale multirole fighter, Dassault Mirage 2000, Airbus A330 MRTT tanker transport, and the Eurocopter Tiger attack helicopter.


Known for its innovation in military technology, Israel fields advanced aircraft like the F-16 Fighting Falcon, F-15 Eagle, Gulfstream G550 “Eitam” airborne early warning aircraft, and the AH-64 Apache Longbow attack helicopter.


India’s air force is expanding rapidly, with aircraft such as the Sukhoi Su-30MKI, Dassault Rafale, HAL Tejas, C-17 Globemaster III transport, and the HAL Dhruv utility helicopter bolstering its capabilities.


Germany’s military aircraft inventory includes the Eurofighter Typhoon, Panavia Tornado, Airbus A400M Atlas transport, and the NHIndustries NH90 multi-role helicopter.


Japan’s air force features modern aircraft like the Mitsubishi F-2, Kawasaki C-2 transport, and the Boeing AH-64 Apache attack helicopter, reflecting its focus on defense and regional security.


Turkey’s air force utilizes a mix of domestic and imported aircraft, including the F-16 Fighting Falcon, F-4 Phantom II, CN-235 transport, and the T129 ATAK attack helicopter.

South Korea

South Korea’s military aircraft inventory includes the F-15K Slam Eagle, KAI T-50 Golden Eagle, C-130 Hercules transport, and the Boeing AH-64E Apache Guardian attack helicopter.

Across the globe, nations invest significantly in their military aircraft capabilities to maintain national security, project power, and safeguard their interests. The diversity and sophistication of these aircraft underscore the importance of airpower in modern warfare.


Australia’s air force comprises a mix of domestic and imported aircraft, including the F/A-18 Hornet, F-35A Lightning II, C-130J Super Hercules transport, and the MRH-90 Taipan multi-role helicopter.

Aircraft Procurement Trends

Many countries are increasingly investing in next-generation aircraft with stealth capabilities and advanced avionics to maintain air superiority and adapt to evolving threats.

Country Stealth Fighter Transport Aircraft
United States F-35 Lightning II C-130 Hercules
China Chengdu J-20 Xian H-6
Russia Sukhoi Su-57 Ilyushin Il-76

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What are some key factors driving the procurement of military aircraft?
  • How do countries balance between indigenous aircraft production and importing foreign-made planes?
  • What role do military alliances play in shaping a country’s aircraft inventory?

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